Intimate partner violence, social support and depression in pregnant women in Nigeria

Submitted: 10 May 2023
Accepted: 13 June 2023
Published: 13 May 2024
Abstract Views: 47
PDF: 35
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Authors

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is a risk factor for depression both during and after pregnancy in many communities. The prevalence of domestic violence is common in Kano, Nigeria. Poor social support has been associated with depression. The specific aim of this section was to assess IPV, social support, and association with depression in a group of rural and urban pregnant women. The study was part of a larger study that assessed antenatal women at urban and rural sites using a sociodemographic questionnaire, a Hits Domestic Violence Screening Instrument, a Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, a MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview -7, and other instruments. The prevalence of antenatal depression was 23.7%. Fifty percent of the depressed women, as compared to only 7% of nondepressed, had been victims of IPV. IPV was a predictor of antenatal depression in the whole sample and the urban women. Regardless of how long ago IPV occurred, it still served as a significant factor in causing antenatal depression. IPV is a significant predictor of antenatal depression.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Citations

Biaggi A, Conroy S, Pawlby S, Pariante CM. Identifying the women at risk of antenatal anxiety and depression: a systematic review. J Affect Disord 2018;191:62-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.11.014
Sunday EM, Okoli PC, Dinwoke VO. Level of awareness and treatment of anxiety and depression during pregnancy in southeastern Nigeria. S Afr J Psychiatry 2018;24:1192. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajpsychiatry.v24i0.1192
Iliyasu Z, Abubakar IS, Galadanchi HS, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for domestic violence among pregnant women in northern Nigeria. J Interpers Violence 2013;28:868-83. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260512455872
Ola BA, Dhar A, Tayo A, et al. Factors associated with antenatal mental disorders in West Africa. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2011;11:90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2393-11-90
Thompson O, Ajayi IO. Prevalence of antenatal depression and associated risk factors among pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic in Abeokuta North Local Government Area, Nigeria. Depres Res and Treat 2016;12:1-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4518979
Groves AK, Kagee A, Maman S, et al. Associations between intimate partner violence and emotional distress among pregnant women in Durban, South Africa. J of Interpersonal Violence 2012;27:1341-56. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260511425247
Rwakarema M, Premji SS, Nyanza EE, et al. Antenatal depression is associated with pregnancy-related anxiety, partner relations and wealth in Women in northern Tanzania: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMC Women’s Health 2015;15:68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-015-0225-y
Sherin KM, Sincore JM, Li XQ, et al. HITS: A short domestic violence screening tool for use in a family practice setting. Fam Med 1998;30:508-12.
Anzaku SA, Shuaibu A, Dankyau M, Chima GA. Intimate partner violence and the associated factors in an obstetric population in Jos, north central Nigeria. Sahel Med J 2017;20:49-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/1118-8561.215031
Zimet GD, Dahlem NW, Zimet SG, Farley GK. The Multidimensional Scale for the Perception of Social Support. J Person Ass 1988;52:30-41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327752jpa5201_2
Mohammmed AH, Al Sadat N, Loh SY, Chinna K. Validity and reliability of the Hausa version of the MSPSS Index. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2015;17:e188776. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5812/ircmj.18776
Sheehan DV, Lecruvier Y, Sheehan H, et al. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI): The development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM IV and ICD-10. J Clin Psychiatry 1998;59:22-33.
Ashimi AO, Amole TG. Prevalence and predictors for domestic violence among pregnant women in a rural community in northwestern Nigeria. Niger Med J 2015;56:118-21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0300-1652.150696
Ajal L, Iyoke CA, Nkwo PO, et al. Comparison of domestic violence among women in rural and urban areas of South Eastern Nigeria. Internet J of Women Health 2014;6:865-72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S70706
Antoniou E, Iatrakis G. Domestic violence in pregnancy in Greece. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019;16:4222. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214222
Finnbogadottir H, Dykes A, Wann Han C. BMC Women’s Health. 2014;14:63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6874-14-63
Adewuya AO, Ola BA, Aloba OO, et al. Prevalence and correlates of depression in late pregnancy among Nigerian women. J Depress Anxiety 2007;24:15-21. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20221
Mahenge B, Likindakoki S, Stock H, Mwambo J. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy and associated mental health symptoms in pregnant women in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. BJOG 3013;120:940-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.12185
Hozman C, Evster J, Tiedge LB, et al. A life course perspective on depressive symptoms in mid-pregnancy. Maternal Child Health 2006;10:127-38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-005-0044-0
Dahlen HG, Munoz AM, Schmied V, Thornton C. The relationship between intimate partner violence reported at first antenatal booking visit and obstetric and perinatal outcomes in an ethnically diverse group of Australian pregnant women: a population-based study over 10 years BMJ Open 2018;8:e019566. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019566
Howard LM, Oram S, Galley H, et al. Domestic violence and perinatal mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Plos Med 2013;10:e1001452. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001452

How to Cite

Babandi, Fawaz, Zaharaddeen Garba Habib, Musa Usman Umar, Aminu Abdullahi Taura, Mustapha Ibrahim Gudaji, Auwal Sani Salihu, Desola Shakirat Owolabi, Chidiore Aghukwa, Abubakar S. Baguda, and Muhammad Murtala Umar. 2024. “Intimate Partner Violence, Social Support and Depression in Pregnant Women in Nigeria”. Pyramid Journal of Medicine 7 (1). https://doi.org/10.4081/pjm.2024.334.